As an important platform for the exhibition of China's energy industry, the energy special issue of Economic Information Daily has launched the annual Top 10 energy for eight consecutive years since its inception in 2004
at the end of the year, we stopped and looked back, comprehensively sorted out the major events in the energy industry in the past year, and on the basis of interviewing a number of industry experts and widely soliciting opinions, we selected the top 10 Chinese energy in 2011 (in chronological order), supplemented by comments for readersOn January 4, CNOOC officially announced that its annual oil and gas production in the sea area exceeded 50million tons, which is equivalent to building an "offshore Daqing Oilfield". The completion of CNOOC's "offshore Daqing Oilfield" shows that China's sea area has become the most important and realistic replacement area for onshore oil and gas development, marking the entry of China's oil and gas development into the "marine era"
comments: it has always been the "Blue Dream" of generations of Chinese people to ask for resources from the sea. The completion of CNOOC's "offshore Daqing Oilfield" has made this dream come true. However, from a global perspective, China's offshore oil and gas exploration rate is still very low, and most of the oil and gas fields currently explored and developed by CNOOC are concentrated in the surrounding shallow sea areas. The realization of 50million tons of "Daqing on the sea" is only the beginning of the Chinese people's "Blue Dream", and people have reason to place more expectations on it
second, the rectification of the industry has been intensified, and the price of rare earth has soared, and the downstream energy conservation, environmental protection and new energy industries have been affected.
on February 16, the executive meeting of the State Council studied and deployed relevant policies for the rectification of the rare earth industry; On April 1, the standard of rare earth mineral resources tax was raised; On May 19, the State Council issued several opinions on promoting the sustainable and healthy development of the rare earth industry and China as an emerging consumer market. With the introduction of a series of rectification measures, rare earth prices rose sharply, causing a great impact on the downstream energy conservation and environmental protection and new energy industry
comments: as an important non renewable strategic resource, rare earth has been sold at a low price for a long time. It is necessary to strengthen the industry rectification and promote the return of its value. However, with the rectification of rare earth and the rise of prices, energy-saving and environmental protection and new energy enterprises such as downstream variable-frequency air conditioners, energy-saving lamps, wind power manufacturing and electric vehicles are in trouble. How to make an overall plan to ensure the sustainable development of the rare earth industry and the healthy development of relevant strategic emerging industries downstream is a new test in front of policymakers
Third, affected by the nuclear leakage crisis in Japan, China suspended the approval of nuclear power projects
the nuclear leakage crisis caused by the Japanese earthquake on March 11. On March 16, Premier Wen Jiabao chaired a State Council executive meeting, deciding to suspend the examination and approval of nuclear power projects, speed up the preparation of nuclear safety plans, and adjust and improve the medium - and long-term plans for nuclear power development
comments: the Japanese earthquake led to a nuclear leakage crisis and triggered a global nuclear power panic. Many countries adjusted nuclear power development policies, and China also suspended the approval of nuclear power projects. Will the development plan of nuclear power with an installed capacity of 86million kW by 2020 be changed? At the press conference of the State Information Office held on December 13, Xie Zhenhua, deputy director of the national development and Reform Commission, gave the answer: China's determination to develop nuclear power will not change. To develop nuclear power, determination is very important, and safety is more important
IV. Guangdong, Hunan and other more than 10 provinces have successively experienced "off-season power shortage", and the power strange phenomenon has attracted attention
since April this year, Guangdong, Hunan and other more than 10 southern provinces have successively experienced off-season "power shortage". People from the Electricity Regulatory Commission and power companies said that this year, the lack of electricity and low electrolyte will affect the stability of the tank condition, and the total number of ports will exceed the most serious year in history in 2004. At the same time, the northeast, northwest and other provinces and regions, including clean wind power, including a huge amount of electricity can not be sent out of the "nest power" phenomenon. Power anomalies attract attention
comments: whenever the "power shortage" occurs, experts and the media attribute the coal "market coal, planned electricity" to the social focus again. However, this year, a large-scale "power shortage" and a large-scale "nest power" appeared at the same time. Why would such a strange phenomenon occur under the background that power companies are fully promoting long-distance UHV transmission? The lack of power market trading platform and the lag of power system reform should be the main reasons. It has been 10 years since the separation of power plants, the separation of transmission and distribution has not been started, and the market-oriented reform of regional power trading is stillborn... The deep-seated contradiction of China's power needs to be solved urgently
v. the National Energy Administration purged Jiuquan wind power and started the transformation of the wind power industry from speed to quality
on May 9, the National Energy Administration issued the notice on relevant requirements for the construction of Jiuquan wind power base, which is the second notice issued against some violations in the construction of Jiuquan wind power project on March 27. While stressing that "projects that have not been approved by the state are not allowed to start construction", the notice clearly puts forward that it will "further standardize the order of wind power construction" and "reasonably control the pace of wind power base construction"
comments: the development of wind power in China has attracted worldwide attention. By the end of the eleventh five year plan, the installed capacity of wind power has leapt to the first in the world. However, in the development of high-speed kesichuang: high-performance plastic solutions for battery shells in the wind power industry for many years, many problems have also been accumulated, which are highlighted by frequent quality accidents of wind turbines, illegal operation of equipment bidding, bypass approval of wind power projects "breaking up the whole into parts" in some places, and so on. At the beginning of the 12th Five Year Plan, the national energy administration started from Jiuquan, the country's largest wind power base, and issued two "tokens" to rectify the wind power order and standardize the healthy development of the industry. China's wind power industry thus kicked off the transformation from speed to quality
VI. oil leakage accident occurred on ConocoPhillips' operating platform in the Bohai Sea, causing major pollution to the marine environment
on June 4 and 17, oil leakage accidents occurred successively on platforms B and C in the operating area of Penglai oilfield in the Bohai Sea, a cooperative project between CNOOC and ConocoPhillips. According to the investigation of the State Oceanic Administration, this is an accident caused by the operator ConocoPhillips changing the development design without authorization, causing major pollution to the marine environment. Fishermen in leting, Hebei, Yantai, Shandong and other places have died in large numbers of aquaculture seafood due to pollution, and ConocoPhillips has been brought to court
comments: in recent years, oil spill pollution accidents caused by offshore oil exploitation of international oil giants have occurred frequently. First, BP was forced to pay $20billion in compensation funds after a crude oil spill occurred during its operations in the Gulf of Mexico; Later, Chevron oil company of the United States leaked oil during drilling operations in Brazilian waters, and the federal Procuratorate of Campos, Brazil, issued a huge fine of 20 billion reais (about US $10.7 billion). Now, how to pay for the oil spill accident of ConocoPhillips in the Bohai Sea of China has become the focus of attention at home and abroad
VII. The second west east gas pipeline is connected, and China's first onshore strategic channel using overseas natural gas is completed.
on June 30, the second west east gas pipeline was connected and put into operation. This pipeline, with a total length of more than 8700 kilometers and an investment of 142.2 billion yuan by PetroChina, is connected to the Central Asia natural gas pipeline across Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. It is not only the longest natural gas pipeline in the world, but also the first onshore strategic channel for China to use overseas natural gas resources
comments: as the largest energy construction project with investment since the founding of new China, the second line of West to east gas transmission project will receive 30billion cubic meters of natural gas from Central Asia every year, which may increase further in the future. This will not only play a great role in optimizing China's energy consumption structure, promoting natural gas urbanization and improving the environment of cities along the line, but also alleviate the tight situation of natural gas supply in China
VIII. Shenhua million ton coal direct liquefaction key technology has passed the appraisal, and China's coal to liquid technology has topped the world
on July 4, the million ton coal direct liquefaction key technology and demonstration project mainly undertaken by Shenhua Group passed the expert appraisal in Beijing, and won the special prize of the 2011 China Coal Science and technology award. As a result, China has become the only country in the world to realize the industrialization of direct liquefaction technology of one million ton coal, and its overall technical level is world leading
comments: "the key technology of direct liquefaction of million ton coal" is a major national energy strategic project mainly undertaken by Shenhua Group, with the joint participation of China National Academy of Coal Sciences, Sinopec, China National First Heavy Industry Corporation and Shanghai Electric Corporation, which took nearly 10 years to develop and complete. As of the first half of 2011, 467000 tons of oil products were produced by industrial demonstration units, with profits and taxes of 800million yuan. This means that China has mastered the world's leading direct coal liquefaction core technology with independent intellectual property rights, and the time for the industrialization of complete process technology is ripeOn October 18, China water resources and Hydropower Construction Co., Ltd. was listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange, with a financing amount of 13.5 billion yuan, becoming the largest A-share IPO in 2011. As the aircraft carrier of China's hydropower construction, Sinohydro has undertaken more than 65% of the domestic large and medium-sized water conservancy and hydropower construction projects since the 1950s, and has participated in the construction of hundreds of world-renowned giant hydropower stations, including the Three Gorges of the Yangtze River
comments: hydropower is a globally recognized clean and renewable energy, and China's total water resources rank first in the world. However, troubled by environmental protection, immigration and other issues, China's hydropower development lags behind, "the Eleventh Five Year Plan" is even called China's hydropower "lost five years". Therefore, the listing of hydropower in China is not only the most eye-catching event in the A-share market, but also triggered many expectations for hydropower development in China. According to relevant experts, "giving priority to the development of Hydropower" has been written into the upcoming "12th Five Year Plan" for the power industryOn November 8, the U.S. Department of Commerce launched an anti-dumping and countervailing investigation on Chinese solar cells exported to the United States. This is the first time the United States has launched a "double anti" investigation against Chinese clean energy products. Then came the news that the European Union, India and other countries planned to adopt the same measures to restrict the import of China's photovoltaic products, and China's photovoltaic industry suffered a severe winter. (Li Xinmin)
comments: the United States took the lead in Launching Anti-dumping and countervailing investigations against China's photovoltaic industry. No matter whether the reason is tenable or not, no matter the final result, it has sounded an alarm for us. This shows that, on the one hand, the international trade war in the field of clean energy has quietly started; On the other hand, the development of China's solar photovoltaic industry has reached a transitional period. The long-standing situation of "two ends at the same time" of technology and market must be changed to expand domestic demand and reduce dependence on overseas markets, or become a realistic choice for the domestic photovoltaic industry to get out of the recent news of the severe winter
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